A list of some of the most important philosophical terms, will be updated continuously.

 

  • ‘Deon’ = duty , ‘Deontological’ or ‘Deontology’ = Morality based on following duty.
  • ‘Absolutist’ = A moral code that is always right, regardless of situation.
  • ‘Consequentialist’ = When a theory is based upon the outcomes/consequences of a person’s actions.
  • ‘Teleological ‘ = A theory which is based on the final goal of an act.
  • ‘Empiricism’ – ‘a posteriori’ = The concept that knowledge is derived from our senses and physical experiences.
  • ‘Rationalism’ – ‘a priori’ = The concept that knowledge is derived from our ability to reason.
  • ‘Dualism’ = 2 opposing things (e.g. self vs. world, mind vs. body and other world vs. this world).
  • ‘Epistemology’ = Theory of Knowledge. Especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope.
  • ‘Omnipotent’ = All powerful.
  • ‘Omnibenevolent’ = All loving.
  • ‘Omniscience’ = All knowing.
  • ‘Aretaic ethics’ = From the Greek word ‘arête’ meaning excellence or virtue. It focusses on the developing these ideas.
  • ‘Jus ad Bellum’ = Latin for Right to War.
  • ‘Jus in Bello’ = Translated as, The Law in Waging War.
  • ‘Relativistic’ = No universal moral norms or rules. Each situation has to be looked at independently because each situation is different.
  • ‘Rationality’ = Having the ability to reason, a key feature separating man from beast.
  • ‘Legalistic’ = A person is required to follow and obey religious law in order for them to gain eternal life.
  • ‘Virtue’ = Comes from the greek word ‘areté’ which means ‘excellence’ in terms of personal qualities of character.
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