WHAT IS DUTY?
Duty —–> Things we as humans must do, Kant believed that each human being had specific duties.
HOW DO WE DISCOVER OUR DUTY?
Our duty is obtainable a priori, through reason.
THE LINK BETWEEN DUTY AND GOOD WILL…
Our ability to recognise our duty is called Good Will. Good Will being the only intrinsically good thing, or good in itself.
HOW DO WE ACT ON GOOD WILL?
We act on Good Will if, when making a moral decision, we recognise what our duty is and then do it because it is our duty. This means it cannot be because we want to or because we feel like it, it must simply be done because it must.
WHAT’S FREEDOM GOT TO DO WITH THIS?
Freedom, or Autonomy of the Will, is a part of Kant’s Moral Law Theory as we must be free to make the rational decisions needed to recognise our duty. This is the reason Kant’s theory does not revolve around a transcendent being (i.e. God), as Kant thought that if his theory was based on a figure like God, then we wouldn’t have the necessary freedom.